What Works (and Doesn’t) in Violence Prevention

Cities United is committed to providing current research and other information on violence-related deaths that can be translated into practice. This page provides an entryway to important articles on this topic.

These articles are provided for informational purposes. Cities United does not endorse any individual or organization associated with these materials.

Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment

Improving the long-term life outcomes of disadvantaged youth remains a top policy priority in the United States, although identifying successful interventions for adolescents – particularly males – has proven challenging. This paper reports results from a large randomized controlled trial of an intervention for disadvantaged male youth grades 7-10 from high-crime Chicago neighborhoods. The intervention […]

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More Than a Job: Final Results from the Evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Transitional Jobs Program

This report presents the final results of the evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO). Based in New York City, CEO is a comprehensive employment program for former prisoners — a population confronting many obstacles to finding and maintaining work. CEO provides temporary, paid jobs and other services in an effort to improve participants’ […]

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Hot Spots Policing Effects on Crime

The extant evaluation research provides fairly robust evidence that hot spots policing is an effective crime prevention strategy. The research also suggests that focusing police efforts on high-activity crime places does not inevitably lead to crime displacement and crime control benefits may diffuse into the areas immediately surrounding the targeted locations. Anthony Braga, Andrew Papachristos, […]

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Formal System Processing of Juveniles: Effects on Delinquency

The studies included 7,304 juveniles across 29 experiments reported over a 35-year period. Juvenile system processing, at least given the experimental evidence presented in this report, does not appear to have a crime control effect. In fact, almost all of the results are negative in direction, as measured by prevalence, incidence, severity, and self-report outcomes. […]

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Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Crime and Criminal Justice Costs: Implications in Washington State

In 2006, long-term forecasts indicated that Washington faced the need to construct several new prisons in the following two decades. Since new prisons are costly, the legislature directed the Institute to project whether there are “evidence-based” options that can reduce the future need for prison beds, save money for state and local taxpayers, and contribute […]

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Effects of Early Family/Parent Training Programs on Antisocial Behavior and Delinquency

Based on evidence that early antisocial behavior is a key risk factor for delinquency and crime throughout the life course, early family/parent training, among its many functions, has been advanced as an important intervention/prevention effort. There are several theories concerning why early family/parent training may cause a reduction in child behavior problems including antisocial behavior […]

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Communications and Technology for Violence Prevention – Workshop Summary

In the last 25 years, a major shift has occurred in the field of violence prevention, from the assumption that violence is inevitable to the realization that violence is preventable. As we learn more about what works to reduce violence, the challenge facing those who work in the field is how to use all of […]

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Bridging Science and Practice in Violence Prevention: Addressing Ten Key Challenges

This article illustrates ideas for bridging science and practice generated during the Division of Violence Prevention’s (DVP) dissemination/implementation planning process. The difficulty of moving what is known about what works into broader use is near universal, and this planning process pushed us to look beyond the common explanations (e.g., providers were resistant/unwilling to change practice) […]

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